CAPTIVE KEEPING – WE MUST NOW ACT TO CEASE THIS IMPRISONMENT OF OUR MOTHER NATURE
IT’S TIME TO END THEIR MISERY
Imagine being born into a happy family with mother, father, and siblings all around you encouraging your growth and behavior nourishing you and providing for your every need. You mother and father teach you the lie of the land, how to hunt for food, swing from the trees fly to grooming and caring for your environment.
Many mammals and non-mammals are born into this stable natural environment that Mother Nature provided for them. Marine to avian and land mammals live this way of life every day thriving among-st the natural canopies of our delicate arboretums to natural tropical rain forests or deep sea oceans.
Unfortunately though there is then the nightmare of being abducted from your natural living environment by man or woman for the illegal exotic pet trade or worst of all the captive zoo and circus trade from which you’re imprisoned for your entire life in a barred cage to enclosure that you the human pays to view.
Imagining is one thing though living this grotesque way of life is another just be gawped at, prodded, fed unhealthy virus laden foods, to having your picture taken with selfish and uncaring humans just to show their families and friends that they visited the Bengal Tigers to Elephants, Parrots to Dolphins and more. This isn’t Mother Nature this is captive imprisonment for profiteering and eye entertainment which very little education can be gained from as the life our most precious and delicate species of Mother Nature are living within is a man-made and synthetic type world.
Zoo is the short abbreviation for Zoological gardens or the “study of animals” that can easily be undertaken within the wild. Zoo in Greek derives from the Latin term “Zoon” which theoretically means “animal or study”.
The first recorded zoo was established in 1828 for scientific study from which many animals were abducted from the wild of many nations being that Africa, Brazil, America to Asia and North America the first public zoo then opened in 1847 for the public to peer at captive animals that were not under any circumstances then cared for as they are now although that is to be desired and still yet proven.
“The oldest “known” zoological collection was revealed during excavations at Hierakonpolis, Egypt in 2009, of a ca. 3500 B.C. menagerie. The exotic animals included hippos, hartebeest, elephants, baboons and wildcats”
The First zoo that was opened for the public was in the United Kingdom located within London named London Zoological Gardens that’s still open to this very day that has a wide range of tropical, non-tropical animals, primates, arachnids, reptilians, and more. Many zoologists have trained at London Zoological Gardens teaching some thousands of students to then become mature yet experienced zoologists that work in many internationally recognized zoological gardens in an array of nations.
The total number of zoological gardens totals around one thousand with eighty per cent of them situated within cites. London Zoological Gardens has a fairly good name and presents its self well however are we really educating our children correctly by allowing London Zoological Gardens to any international zoo’s to take our most delicate species of mammals and non-mammals from the wild to view and breed from which they live a depressive life, are peered at through glassed and barred enclosures just for immoral eye entertainment?
We are strongly against captive keeping to captive breeding and the circus trade however we will only support animals being kept in captivity for the following reasons listed below.
- The animal[s] have been found sick or noted to unhealthy for them to live their life back in the wild from which is basic human kindness assisting the animal and ensuring that it’s not attacked by predators, or suffers any more than it should.
- Orphaned infant’s that normally range from Bears to Primates, Lions to Tigers and more that can then be nourished, hydrated that can then be temporarily card for by other species thus then returning them back into the wild to lead the life their deceased parents wanted them to. If releasing back into the wild is not possible as of illness, disease of other then more suitable accommodation must be found for them that does not have public human interaction with the animals thus decreasing contaminations and infections to possibly if their is a chance “trying to at least place them back into the wild”.
- Protective captivity of critically endangered animals to secure species long term survival from hunters, poachers, animal parts trade and tropical pet trade.
Animals do not benefit from being kept in enclosures, to cages or tanks. In reality the only possible gain that humans can obtain from animals kept in captivity is listed below.
- Brief slim insight and education into species habitual living.
- Species survival and mating (very slim in captivity)
- Disease control
- Natural living (again this is severely decreased due to the species not living in its natural habitual environment)
We personally believe from education and field surveillance that the only benefits that animal’s gain from captive keeping is simply a longer life span although regrettably slower and if any mating is dramatically decreased as the zoo inhabitants are not within their natural habitats along with human interference being a vast benefactor to their slow mating rituals which in turn doesn’t gain anything for the captive animals within zoos.
Captive zoo animals just lead a depressive life of solitary confinement that are mostly forced to interact with the human from which they are then placed at danger of human to animal virus attack of which one sneeze from a human that releases millions of vapor particles can wipe out an entire captive species or reversing this the animals in captivity can pass on infectious diseases such as E-coli.
There are zoo’s though then there are circuses both of which we completely despise however the circus trade is one that we like many others are eventually going to close down with or without governmental force or immediate imminent direct liberation action.
A circus is commonly a travelling company of performers that may include clowns, acrobats, trained animals, trapeze acts, musicians, hoopers, tightrope walkers, jugglers, uni-cyclists and other stunt-oriented artists. The word also describes the performance that they give, which is usually a series of acts choreographed to music and introduced by a ringmaster. A traditional circus performance is normally held in a ring 13 m (42 ft) in diameter. This dimension was adopted by Philip Astley to enable a horse rider to stand upright on a cantering horse to perform a series of acrobatic manoeuvres and to more easily retain their balance. Most modern circuses have a system of tiered seating around the ring for the public and since the late 19th early 20th century the performance has taken place under canvas and more recently plastic tents commonly called “The Big Top”
Pictured above is the abuse that Elephants are forced to endure – courtesy of Ringling Brothers
That’s what the circuses wish to show you though to grab as much gold from you to keep them on the road performing in a whole host of nations mostly in America, Canada, Asia (being the worst offender of them all) and nations where animal welfare laws are not of “high standards” The circus though is by far a lot different than one could possibly imagine, the big top master doesn’t show you what is behind the real curtains that contains caged species of animals from wild horses, Lions, Elephants, Primates, Snakes and more.
Animals are left in cold, cramped and secluded cages to solitary confinement, they are beaten electrocuted, and seriously abused by many of the animal caretakers that have no real animal welfare qualifications just performance skills from which they have been FORCED to undertake for YOU.
“Last year 2011 we observed with the help of an independent animal abuse investigation unit a Bengal Tiger that had been so badly beaten the Ringland Brothers forced the Bengal to perform regardless of its injuries” “When questions were raised and a routine visit from animal welfare visited the circus the Ringland Brothers deliberately concealed the Bengal behind a curtain screen so that animal welfare couldn’t view her” “Fortunately ourselves and the independent external animal welfare investigations unit was recording and monitoring the circus for the one week that was then forced to show the Bengal Tiger to animal welfare after the video was shown to the visiting animal welfare unit” “The Tiger was later examined, however she succumbed to her injuries and passed away later the next day” “It later emerged after a post mortem she was also bearing a litter of five cubs”
The Greeks “Romans” where the first hold any circus attraction from which many people visited to watch an array of animals performing from Tiger’s, Lions, Primates, and the ancient horse and chariots that is still used today in some medieval style circus grounds. Staged battles, jugglers and acrobats were also present within the Greek abusive circuses along with humans to that had deformities that people would pay to visit that was called the “freak shows” hence the slang word deriving from this period.
The Englishman John Bill Ricketts brought the first modern circus to the United States. He began his theatrical career with Hughes Royal Circus in London in the 1780s, and came over from England in 1792 to establish his first circus in Philadelphia. The first circus building in the US opened on April 3, 1793 in Philadelphia, where Ricketts gave America’s first complete circus performance. George Washington attended a performance there later that season.
What the circuses don’t want you know (or wish for you not to view)
- Every single circus that we are aware of has been caught on violations of moderate to the most extreme animal cruelty imaginable please view this this link explaining one – http://www.ringlingbeatsanimals.com/about-ringling.asp
- Circuses will spend on average six to twelve months on the road from which the animals move from warm to cold climates are sleep deprived, not given adequate nourishment to hydration to even medical aid. Please view the link – http://www.da4a.org/circus.htm
- Spending most of their lives on the roads animals are forced to live in their own urine, excrement and are starved as the “traveling circus” must keep to dead-lines. Please view the links here – http://www.starnewsgroup.com.au/news/cranbourne/356/story/153184.html and here – http://www.ad-international.org/animals_in_entertainment/go.php?id=731&ssi=10
- Circus Elephants and are beaten badly with Bull-hooks others prodded with cattle prods and whipped should they not perform. Please view the links here http://www.peta.org/issues/Animals-in-Entertainment/circuses-three-rings-of-abuse.aspx and here – http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/263864.stm also here http://www.monkeyworld.org/news/7/circus-trainer-guilty-of-cruelty-to-chimpanzee.htm
- Circus animals are all for taking the animals out of the wild but never release them back from which they suffer tremendously. Please view links here http://www.monkeyworld.org/news/7/circus-trainer-guilty-of-cruelty-to-chimpanzee.htm and here – http://www.ccforaction.com/circuses.htm and here http://animallaws.blogspot.co.uk/2010/04/wild-animals-in-captivity-circues-zoos.html (this link explains why animals cannot really be released back into the wild)
- Many animals that are born in the travelling circus never really survive of which there deaths go unreported http://www.mediapeta.com/peta/PDF/RinglingFactsheet.pdf however many animals within the circus trade die gruesome deaths that are rarely unreported http://animom.tripod.com/circus.html
- Due to the extreme pressure that circus animals are placed under they do eventually turn and their moods turn from moderate to then psychotic leading to deaths of the abusive trainers to sometimes in worst case scenarios the member[s] so the public of which the animals then have to be euthanized “yet they didn’t commit a sin” they were simply pushed beyond their psychiatric limitations. Please view links here – http://voices.yahoo.com/circus-lion-attack-maims-trainer-as-cameras-roll-6913570.html and here http://www.kidzworld.com/article/3896-animals-in-captivity and here http://old.post-gazette.com/healthscience/20021119elephants1119p3.asp – http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=6c27bb46bc (this circus Elephant was later shot dead just because it had enough of the abuse) although these attacks are rare they are also extremely unpredictable and we advise all those that wish to watch animals in the circus to stay well away.
- Circus animals spend 80% of their living lives in cages – http://www.worldnoanimalcircusday.com/animalabusefacts.htm
- Some councils to municipalities and welfare organisations ignore the abusive plight of which circus animals go through. The Yorkshire Agricultural Show allowed this event to take place before then banning it but only after surveillance and investigations had to prove to the event organizers what pressure circus animals are placed under to eventually put through should they not do as the owner instructs them. http://www.harrogate-news.co.uk/2011/03/28/circus-to-come-to-harrogate-despite-animal-cruelty-concerns/
Image above is that of an infantile Elephant forced to “perform” this is what the Circus (does not SHOW TO YOU) YET YOU support it?
FORCED TO ENTERTAIN FOR YOU – YOU SUPPORT THIS – WHY?
Although Zoological Gardens and the traveling circuses are by far a lot different to one another the fact stands at “captivity” and wild animals that are abducted from their homes that do eventually attack or suffer from extreme depression or in worst case scenarios will eventually die at the hands of their abusive captive keepers, or from sheer mental and depressive exhaustion.
Research from an array of University’s that studied animal behavior and the onset of captive “compromised” mental illness and physical suffering shows alarming evidence of what we can only describe as that of what humans would suffer that are abducted then entombed or incarcerated within captivity or steel caged cells. The symptoms of captive confinement we have included below that do “show an upsetting catalogue of mental and physical suffering”. Please do note that captivity implies to zoos, circuses, domestic and the tropical pet trade.
- Repetitive rocking/pacing back and to
- Eating of feces and drinking of urine (this we have documented on within the domestic pet trade that indicates to us that canines to felines are not being cared for inline to the Animal Welfare Acts of most European and non-European nations.
- Cognitive depression
- Scratching of cells until claws are blooded
- Foraging and feeding to fast that the captive animals then end up vomiting
- Regurgitating food to stimulate their brains into “keeping active and enjoyment”
- Jumping against caged roofs to escapism
- Head banging or rocking – http://dspace.carthage.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/147/Matt%20Oskielunas.pdf?sequence=1
- Anti-social behavior
- Whimpering to constant crying and grunting
- Hair pulling
- Aggression and bullying of same “typed species”
- Obsessive Compulsive Behavior and Obsessive Compulsive Disease ( e.g.) one animal a polar bear was recorded via the “new scientist journal 2002 as retracing every footstep in its captive facility to even placing their feet in the “exact foot prints” it had left behind whilst completing the entire walk of the cage “within a hair’s breadth of 14 seconds”
- Violent and harmful behavior to the captive keepers and members of the public
- Psychiatric overload more commonly known in slang as “the red mist that incurs prominent violent attacks of which the animals are most likely shot dead or humanely euthanized
- Nervous break down
These are just a handful of the most extreme “Psycho-physiological bases of habitual routines” based on over forty species of animals that many universities and wildlife behaviorists have studied within the captive breeding and keeping world that does include all captive facilities whether it be for educational purposes to entertainment within the cruel circus trade which many have not the trained equipped and qualified zoologists to veterinary experts traveling with them.
There is no meaningful phrase as “good zoo’s to good circuses” captivity in the long term causes psychiatric breakdown that harms the species of animals for life until they eventually cannot take no more.
Stereotypical behaviors and movements
One likely cause of these abnormal behaviors is the lack of appropriate normal stimuli which contributes to boredom and the lack of exercise (inactivity). It has been suggested that stereotypic movements may also develop as “escape attempts that cannot be carried out completely because of the inadequate space in their environment”. As well, the proximity to other animals and to the public may play roles in the initiation of a stereotypic movement. One example of how a stereotypic movement may evolve is a scenario of the predatory animal waiting for the zookeeper to deliver its meal. At feeding time the animal is usually waiting at a specific location in its enclosure. While the animal is awaiting its meal, the animal may turn around in restlessness and follow a fixed path back to its original lookout. This sequence of events initiates a stereotypical movement that may occur at feeding time and may eventually occur whenever the animal is hungry. This in an example of how an insignificant behavior such as waiting for a meal (predatory animals for the most part do not wait for a meal to be delivered to them in the wild) can transform itself into a stereotypic behavior.
Abnormal behavior such as a stereotypic movement is very much a concern when it occurs in relation to animals held in captivity. From a behavioral standpoint, the behavioral and spatial requirements of non-domestic animals in captivity greatly depend on the species. For example, the behaviorism requirements of many species appear relatively simple when compared with the requirements of a highly specialized carnivorous species such a large cat. It is often in predators or primates that one observes abnormal behaviorism such as stereotypic movements that are uncommon or otherwise different than normally occurring by the species in its natural environment.
One very upsetting case that we viewed in South Africa of primates was in relation to Monkey Town that the conservation media documented on. The video can be viewed below. Although Monkey Town is now under new management, we are talking about South Africa from which animals run and live freely.
Why was such a captive facility built for? Who knows, what we do know is Africa is its own zoo and no animals should be under any circumstances held in captivity for public eye entertainment within Africa when one can freely visit a game reserve where they live and run freely within Mother Nature. Please read more here on captive facility abuse at Monkey Town in South Africa that Stuart Beaman that worked for the facility documented the gross and repulsive deliberate neglect and abuse. – http://www.greatapeproject.org/en-US/noticias/Show/3147,alert-primates-mistreating-and-abuse-at-south-africa
Regrettably there are more captive facilities in more or less the same conditions as the above or in a complete state of disrepair to utterly dilapidated. One zoo that we have been working to now instigate an immediate temporary rehabilitation plan and then furthering that imminent rescue is Benue Zoological Gardens situated 400 kilometres north of Kano.
Benue boasted many animals from 1990 that ranged from Cheetah, to Leopards, Lions to Giant African Land Turtles, rare western Giraffes that are critically endangered and mostly found in Nigeria and Somalia to Elephants and more. Please view this link http://www.ajol.info/index.php/jrfwe/article/viewFile/80305/70567 Benue Zoological Gardens lost an enormous quantity of animals as the government simply couldn’t cope with its own affairs within the nation.
The Director of Zoological Services and the Trade and Tourism Minister then withdrew all funding of which we the rescues now have to pick the pieces up to save and rehabilitate these animals that’s going to be an extremely long process. Benue is just one out of many Zoological Gardens in Nigeria that holds more “shanty town style zoological gardens”. The animals that mostly and still do “to a certain degree” that inhabit the zoo where abducted from the wild that all now show severe signs of incarceration, cognitive depression, and behavioral problems.
Benue Zoological Gardens one would believe that you couldn’t view worse deliberate neglect and abuse however this is not the case even in our modern first world societies.
Knowsley Safari Park – United Kingdom http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1345801/Animals-culled-left-rot-bins-Knowsley-Safari-Park.html
Durham Zoological Gardens – E coli outbreaks – http://barfblog.com/e-coli-scandal-at-uk-zoo-that-left-dead-animals-to-rot/
GuZoo – Alberta Canada – “The worst roadside zoo in Canada” – https://secure.peta.org/site/Advocacy?cmd=display&page=UserAction&id=4447
Manila Zoological Gardens – Philippines “Animals going crazy” – http://www.propinoy.net/2011/07/13/the-very-sad-state-of-manila-zoo/
Papanack Park Zoological Gardens – Canada – “Sorry full state of neglect and lack of maintenance – http://www.tripadvisor.com.my/ShowUserReviews-g154979-d207621-r117615976-Papanack_Park_Zoo-Ontario.html
Twycross Zooogical Gardens October 2012 – Elehants beaten with canes – http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2222877/Twycross-Zoo-keepers-sacked-arrested-beating-star-elephant-Tonzi-canes.html
Movie – Zookeeper – United States – http://www.peta.org/b/thepetafiles/archive/2011/07/07/animals-were-harmed-in-the-making-of-zookeeper.aspx
Female Zoo keeper killed by escaped Tiger – http://preciousjules1985.wordpress.com/2012/08/26/female-zookeeper-killed-by-escaped-tiger/
Stockholm Sweden – http://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2012/10/16/Former-zookeeper-Animals-beaten-to-death/UPI-98171350409835/
Circus animal abuse – http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/09/circus-animal-abuse_n_1760034.html
Illegal exhibiter caught in the act – http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/09/circus-animal-abuse_n_1760034.html
A modern day slave TRADE – http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/nov/30/animals-circuses-slave-trade-anne-elephant
Columbia “continued circus abuse” http://www.ad-international.org/animals_in_entertainment/go.php?id=2912&ssi=10
Benue Zoological Gardens – Nigeria – http://allafrica.com/stories/201210210292.html
ARE WE GOING TO CONTINUE TO SUPPORT THIS?
No animal’s small, large, mammal or non-mammal deserve to be abducted from the wild to perform for humans. No animals deserve to be removed from the wild to educate ourselves on what we can find and locate in the wild.
Each year many cases of neglect and abuse to beatings and murders arise from zoo’s and circuses are that are not adequately run or left to rot and decompose with the zoo and circus inhabitants to. Circuses have years of abusive neglect and deliberate abuse, please stay away.
Please do not support the captive keeping trade or circus because your monies only go towards ensuring their life and those that are newly abducted from the wild to entertain live a life of misery, to beatings and neglect.
Please help us with Benue Zoological Gardens in shutting this hell hole down, you can view our own investigations at this link here form which also has the petition underneath.
SAY NO TO CAPTIVITY AND PLEASE STOP SUPPORTING THIS VILE TRADE
“The wildlife veterinary expert quotes “these are wild animals there are domestic homes in the vicinity what do you expect us to do we have to kill them” – QUOTE “what do you expect us to do?” (WE EXPECT YOU TO LEAVE THEM IN THE WILD AND IN THE COUNTRIES THAT THEY ORIGINATED FROM – THAT’S WHY YOU HAD TO MURDER THEM)
You can donate to the Benue Zoological Gardens Appeal by Pay Pall to the Underneath address
Together we can stop abuse – Together we can make change happen